The wheelchair, the primary equipment of the game, evolved as the sport grew. In the early days, players used the typical everyday stainless steel wheelchair with foot and armrests and weighing about 30 pounds. Today the wheelchairs are lightweight and streamlined to allow for speed and agility with many cutting-edge, sport-enhancing design features.
The wheelchair is considered a piece of equipment in the game and has the following restrictions:
- Total chair height (including seat cushion may not exceed 63cm; for Class 1-3players;
- Total chair height (including seat cushion may not exceed 58cm; for Class 3.5-4.5players;
- Front bar should be 11cm from the floor;
- There must be floor protection material on the underneath of the front of the wheelchair;
- The chair may have 3 or 4 wheels with the large wheels not to exceed 69cm;
- There must be a handrim on each wheel;
- Steering devices, brakes, or gears are not allowed on the chair;
- Black air tires are not permitted;
- Any tire or castor(s) that marks the floor is not permitted;
- Arm rests and other supports are not allowed to project beyond the line of the players legs or trunk in a natural sitting position.
- The horizontal bar at the back of the wheelchair (backrest) must be padded to prevent injury.
Read more about [basic rules] in wheelchair basketball: